Tag Archives: Egyptology

Hyksos buildings are the latest ancient discovery in Tel Habuwa I

Important new discoveries at the Tel Habuwa dig east of the Suez Canal shed light on the campaign by Ahmose I (c.1550–1525 BC) against the Hyksos invaders Nevine El-Aref , Saturday 16 Mar 2013

A team of Egyptian archaeologists digging at Tel Habuwa, near the town of Qantara East and three kilometres east of the Suez Canal, have made a major discovery.

The find comes as part of the search for more of the ancient forts that played a major role in protecting ancient Egypt’s eastern gateway from foreign invasion.

During excavation works, archaeologists chanced upon the remains of administrative buildings dating back to the Hyksos and the New Kingdom periods in the second millennium BC, as well as a great many grain silos.

Each administrative edifice is a two-storey structure with a number of mud brick rooms and courtyards. Inside these halls a collection of coffins, skulls and skeletons of human beings and animals were found buried in sand.

Early studies of the skeletons reveal that they bear deep scars and wounds as the result of being stabbed with arrows or spears.

“This indicates that the battles between the Hyksos and the military troops led by the ancient Egyptian king Ahmose I (c.1550–1525 BC) were violent and aggressive,” said Minister of State for Antiquities Mohamed Ibrahim.

Ibrahim said that a large number of grain silos and army storage galleries from the reign of kings Tuthmose III and Ramses II were also discovered. These silos can store more than 280 tonnes of grain, which indicates the great number of the Egyptian army forces which were at Tel Habuwa at that time.

Mohamed Abdel Maqsoud, leader of excavation work and deputy of the Ancient Egyptian antiquities department at the antiquities ministry, told Ahram Online that the remains of burned buildings were also found, confirming written accounts on papyrus that describe a great conflagration during Ahmose I’s battle against the Hyksos.

“This this is a very important discovery which provides us with a better understanding of the Rind papyrus — now on display in the British Museum — and the military strategy used by the Pharaoh Ahmose I to liberate Egypt from the Hyksos,” said Abdel-Maqsoud.

He pointed out that the Rind papyrus mentions that Ahmose attacked Tharo and imposed his authority on the town in order to lay siege to the Hyksos in their capital Avaris — near the Delta town of Sharqiya — and block any contact with their allies in the east.

Until 2003, when the fortified city of Tharo was found, Abdel Maqsoud said, nothing was known about this military town.

At that time several objects were found testifying that Tharo dated from the New Kingdom, so Egyptologists believed that it was built by Ahmose I’s successors in an attempt to protect Egypt’s eastern gate from any further invaders.

This latest discovery, however, proves that Tharo was built long before that, since the Hyksos took over it as a military base on Egypt’s eastern border. The town expanded after the war of liberation, and forts were built throughout the period of the New Kingdom.


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NEWS: Two New Kingdom statues discovered at the Montu temple in Armant

The Egyptiana Emporium

20131112-141504.jpg One of the statues (Source: Luxor Times).

“The Minister of Antiquities announced the discovery of two Ramasside statues in Armant temple by the mission of IFAO and University of Montpellier.
The first statue is limestone and of a temple scribe called Imen Hep. The other one is diorite rock of a high priest.

According to Ali El Asfar, Vice director of the Ancient Egyptian antiquities department.

The first statue is 69cm height, 48cm width showing the high priest in a worshipping position on his knees carrying an offering table holding two Falcon heads representing the god Montu.
20131112-141648.jpgThe second statue (Source: Luxor Times).

The second statue is 92 cm height and 62 cm width shows the scribe sitting and between his hands, on his lap, a sarcophagus and niche which has a statue of God Montu inside holding an Ankh. The sides of the niche show different scenes of one…

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NEWS: Tomb of the Nefertiti bust sculptor?

The Egyptiana Emporium

20131022-204616.jpg The bust of Nefertiti (Source: Archaeology.com).

“French Egyptologist Alain Zivie believes he may have discovered the tomb of the artist Thutmose, the official sculptor of Pharaoh Akhenaten’s court and the genius who is thought to have created the famed bust of Nefertiti.

That iconic sculpture was found in a studio belonging to Thutmose in Akhenaten’s capital of Amarna in 1912. In 1996, Zivie’s team was excavating in a subterranean gallery in the necropolis of Saqqara thought to hold only mummified animals. To their surprise, the archaeologists uncovered a small tomb holding the remains of a man identified as Thutmose and his wife dating to the Amarna period (ca. 1353–1336 B.C.).

The rich depictions of Thutmose and his wife together on a double coffin, as well as the discovery of a colorful ivory palette similar to one discovered in Amarna, fueled Zivie’s suspicion that the Thutmose of the Saqqara tomb and…

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NEWS: New evidence for Amenhotep III and Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV) coregency found in Asasif?

Viel heiße Luft um Nichts wenn man mich fragt…

nice literature: Krauss, Das Ende der Amarnazeit (HÄB 7) Hornung, The New Kingdom, in: Hornung, Warburton, Krauss (ed.) Ancient Egyptian Chronology, 197-217, Krauss, Sothis- und Monddaten (HÄB 20)

A coregency still is impossible… there would be a gap of ten years in the chronology of the 18th dynasty

The Egyptiana Emporium

20140206-195200.jpg (Source: MSA Press Release).

“The Minister of Antiquities, Dr. Mohammed Ibrahim declared the
discovery of architectural remains (of walls and columns) in the
tomb of the Vizier Amen-Hotep Huy No. 28 in Asasif Area – Luxor.

Some of these remains carry scenes showing both Amenhotep III
and Amenhotep IV (father and son) in the same space, and one
following the other. The remains also show hieroglyphic inscriptions
of the names of both kings beside each other. The importance of this
discovery, Dr. Ibrahim says, is that it presents the definitive evidence
of the co regency between Amenhotep III and Amenhotep IV because
it dates exactly at the beginning of the first Heb-Sed of Amenhotep II,
in the 30th year of his reign.
20140206-195403.jpg(Source: MSA Press Release).

Dr. Francisco J. Martin, the Field and
Scientific Director of the Spanish Mission working in the Asasif
Project said that the project started in…

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You find one of the best data-bases at University of Münster


Informationsblatt der deutschsprachigen Ägyptologie


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The new series in Egyptology

KBSAÄ – what is that? It´s the newest series in Egyptology – Kleine Berliner Schriften zum Alten Ägypten, edited by Andreas Finger and Christian Huyeng.

The series combines popular and scientific books and is open for every egyptologist!

You want to publish your work in KBSAÄ? Just write us an email at

kbsaae@gmail.com and visit our homepage http://kbsaae.jimdo.com/

The first volume is availabe in German:

Ägypten für Einsteiger. Ein kleiner Führer durch das Land der Pharaonen by Christian Huyeng

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